12 فبراير

يناير فبراير مارس
سبت أحد إثنين ثلاثاء أربعاء خميس جمعة
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2017

أحداث

  • 1867 - For the establishment of the North German Confederation as a state to be universal suffrage , a constituent Reichstag elected. The majority after the Reichstag election in February 1867 represents the Nationalliberal Party together with the liberal-conservative Freikonservativen .
  • 1887 - The Mediterranean empire is created by an agreement concluded by Great Britain and Italy under the mediation of the German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck . The contracting parties want to maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean .
  • 1894 - Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into باريس, France's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
  • 1899 - In the German-Spanish Treaty , the German Empire of Spain acquires the island groups Karolinen , Marianen and Palau in the Pacific Ocean against payment of 17 million marks.
  • 1903 - The expedition vessel Antarctic of the Swedish polar explorer Otto Nordenskjöld, which is included in the pack ice, sinks in the Weddell Sea . The entire crew reached the Paulet Island after sixteen days , from where it was rescued ten months later.
  • 1909 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
  • 1909 - New Zealand's worst maritime disaster of the 20th century happens when the إس‌إس Penguin, an inter-island ferry, sinks and explodes at the entrance to Wellington Harbour.
  • 1912 - The Xuantong Emperor, the last Emperor of China, abdicates، في أوج Xinhai revolution by Prime Minister Yuan Shikai . With the well-being contract , he will continue to be granted titles and dignities in the Chinese Republic . Yuan Shikai replaces Sun Yat-sen as President of the Republic.
  • 1914 - In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
  • 1934 - بدء الحرب الأهلية النمساوية. As the police and the Christian-Social Home Army want to search the hotel ship in Linz for weapons, the Social Democratic Republican Schutzbund under the local commander Richard Bernaschek opens the fire. This begins in Austria the February revolution the Social Democrats against the Austro-fascist regime of Engelbert Dollfuss .
  • 1934 - In Spain the national council of Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista decides to merge the movement with the Falange Española.
  • 1935 - يوإس‌إس Macon, one of the two largest helium-filled airships ever created, crashes into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of كاليفورنيا and sinks.
  • 1938 - At a meeting on the Obersalzberg in Berchtesgaden , the German Chancellor Adolf Hitler compelled the Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg to sign the Berchtesgaden Agreement , which he was to take as a Minister of Interior and Security to the National Socialist, Arthur Seyss-Inquart . It is the first step toward the end of Austro-Fascism and the annexation of Austria to the German Reich.
  • 1941 - القوات الألمانية تصل شمال أفريقيا في الحرب العالمية الثانية.
  • 1941 - بدأ تحشد القوات الألمانية النازية وانتشارها تأهباً للهجوم على الاتحاد السوفيتي. وللتغطية على تلك التحركات بثت الإستخبارات والدعاية الهتلرية اشاعات عن قرب شن العملية أسد البحر لإقتحام بريطانيا ، كما أوفد مترجمون يجيدون اللغة الإنجليزية الى الوحدات العسكرية الألمانية في الجبهة الغربية. وعلى الرغم من افتضاح أمر تحركات القوات الالمانية لم يصدق ستالين باحتمال الهجوم.
  • 1944 - In the sinking of the British troop carrier Khedive Ismail by the Japanese submarine I-27 in the Indian Ocean, 1297 people die; Only 214 survivors are saved. I-27 is sunk on the same day by the destroyer HMS Petard ; Of the Japanese occupation only one member survived.
  • 1945 - The conservative Greek government and the leftist resistance movement EAM put an end to the battle for Athens, which had been raging since 3 December, with the agreement of Varkiza . They agree, among other things, on the disarmament and demobilization of the Liberation Army, ELAS , which, however, resists these measures as a result.
  • 1946 - With the sinking of the submarine U 3514 the Operation Deadlight , which has been running since the 27th of November, ends with the destruction of all functioning German submarines by the British Royal Navy and the Polish Navy .
  • 1947 - A meteor creates an impact crater in Sikhote-Alin, in the الاتحاد السوڤيتي.
  • 1949 - اغتيال مؤسس حركة الإخوان المسلمين الشيخ حسن البنا.

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