هذا المقال عن 1977.
|القرون:||القرن 19 - القرن 20 - القرن 21|
|العقود:||عقد 1940 عقد 1950 عقد 1960 - عقد 1970 - عقد 1980 عقد 1990 عقد 2000|
|السنوات:||1974 1975 1976 - 1977 - 1978 1979 1980|
|1977 حسب الموضوع:|
|تصنيفات المواليد والوفيات|
|تصنيفات تأسيسات وانحلالات|
|تصنيفات أعمال وأطروحات|
|آب أوربه كونديتا||2730|
|سنة العهد البريطاني||25 إليز. 2 – 26 إليز. 2|
|التقويم الصيني||丙辰年 (النار التنين)|
4673 أو 4613
— إلى —
丁巳年 (النار الثعبان)
4674 أو 4614
|- ڤيكرام سامڤات||2033–2034|
|- شاكا سامڤات||1899–1900|
|- كالي يوگا||5078–5079|
|التقويم الياباني||Shōwa 52|
|التقويم اليوليوسي||الگريگوري ناقص 13 يوم|
|تقويم مينگوو||جمهورية الصين 66|
|التقويم الشمسي التايلندي||2520|
- January – The world's first personal all-in-one computer (keyboard/screen/tape storage), the Commodore PET, is demonstrated at the Consumer Electronics Show in Chicago
- 1 يناير – The Australian state of Queensland abolishes the inheritance tax.
- 3 يناير – Apple Computer is incorporated.
- January 6 – Record company EMI sacks the controversial United Kingdom punk rock group the Sex Pistols.
- January 8 – Three bombs explode in Moscow within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenian separatist group.
- January 10
- January 15 – Kälvesta air disaster: A Swedish airliner crashes into a residential area of Stockholm, killing all 22 on board.
- January 17 – Gary Gilmore is executed by firing squad in Utah (the first execution after the reintroduction of the death penalty in the U.S.).
- January 18
- Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease.
- Australia's worst railway disaster at Granville, near Sydney, leaves 83 people dead.
- SFR Yugoslavia Prime minister Džemal Bijedić, his wife and 6 others are killed in a plane crash in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- January 19
- January 20 – Jimmy Carter succeeds Gerald Ford as the 39th رئيس الولايات المتحدة.
- January 21 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter pardons حرب ڤيتنام draft evaders.
- January 23– Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of India calls for fresh elections to the Lok Sabha and releases all political prisoners.
- January 23 – Roots begins its phenomenally successful run on ABC.
- January 24 – The Massacre of Atocha occurs during the Spanish transition to democracy.
- January 26 – Katimavik is founded as a volunteer service organization for Canadian youths.
- January 28 – The Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 hits Buffalo, New York, and the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario.
- January 31 – The Centre Georges Pompidou is officially opened by French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing.
- February 2 The Congress party of India, led by Indira Gandhi, splits with Jagjivan Ram and other senior leaders, forming Congress for Democracy. This party later merges with the Janata Party.
- February 4 – Fleetwood Mac's Grammy-winning album Rumours is released.
- February 7
- February 15 – Space Shuttle program: First test taxi flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise.
- February 18 – Prog 1 of 2000 AD is launched (issue dated 26 February 1977).
- February 23 – Óscar Romero becomes Archbishop of San Salvador.
- February 28 – Queen Elizabeth II opens the Parliament of New Zealand.
- March 4 – The 1977 Bucharest Earthquake kills 1,500.
- March 5 – Formula One driver Tom Pryce dies after colliding with a track marshal at the South African Grand Prix in Kyalami.
- March 8 – The Australian parliament is opened by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia.
- March 9 – Hanafi Siege: Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Movement members take over 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., killing 1 person and taking more than 130 hostages (the hostage situation ends 2 days later).
- March 10 – The rings of Uranus are discovered.
- March 12 – The Centenary Test between Australia and England begins at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
- March 15 – Tenor Luciano Pavarotti and the PBS opera series Live from the Met both make their American television debuts. Pavarotti stars in a complete production of Puccini's La Boheme.
- March 19 – Results of elections to the Indian Parliament are declared. Indira Gandhi's Congress Party is routed by the opposition parties later to form the Janata Party.
- March 26 – Focus on the Family is founded by Dr. James Dobson.
- March 27 – Tenerife disaster: A collision between KLM and Pan Am Boeing 747s at Tenerife, Canary Islands, kills 583 people. This becomes the deadliest accident in aviation history.
- March 28 – Marquette University wins the men's NCAA basketball tournament with a win over the University of North Carolina 67-59.
- April 1 – The small market town of Hay-on-Wye declares independence from the UK, as a publicity stunt.
- April 2 – Horse racing: Red Rum wins a record third Grand National at Aintree Racecourse.
- April 4
- April 7
- April 21 – Residents of Dover, Massachusetts report sightings of an eerie monster.
- April 22 – Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic.
- April 27 – The Guatemala City air disaster kills 28 people.
- April 28 – A federal court in Stuttgart sentences Red Army Faction members Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin, and Jan-Carl Raspe to life imprisonment.
- April 30 – Led Zeppelin sets a new world record attendance for an indoor solo attraction at the Pontiac Silverdome when 76,229 persons attend a concert here on the group's 1977 North American Tour.
- May 1 – The Taksim Square massacre in Istanbul results in 34 deaths, hundreds of injuries.
- May 3 – The light aircraft carrier HMS Invincible is launched at Barrow-in-Furness by Elizabeth II.
- May 12 – Portugal and Israel establish diplomatic relations.
- May 14
- The 1977 IAS Cargo Boeing 707 airplane crash in Lusaka, Zambia kills all 6 on board.
- In Milan, Italy, during a far-left demonstration, a hooded person shoots at the police, killing a policeman, Antonio Custra. The scene is photographed and the picture of the hooded man shooting in the middle of the street appears in many magazines around the world.
- May 17
- May 23
- Scientists report using bacteria in a lab to make insulin via gene splicing.
- Moluccan terrorists take over a school in Bovensmilde, northern Netherlands (105 hostages), and a passenger train on the Bovensmilde–Assen route nearby (90 hostages) at the same time. On June 11, Dutch Royal Marines storm the train, and 6 terrorists and 2 hostages are killed.
- May 25 – Star Wars opens in cinemas and later becomes the historic highest grossing film for that time.
- May 26 – George Willig climbs the South Tower of the World Trade Center.
- May 27
- Elizabeth II opens the new Air Terminal Building at the Edinburgh Airport.
- The 1977 Aeroflot Ilyushin 62 airplane crash in Cuba kills 69 people.
- Space Mountain opens at Disneyland and to this day remains as one of the parks most popular attractions.
- A demonstration and coup attempt in Angola takes place. Afterward thousands were killed by the government and Cuban forces.
- May 28 – The Beverly Hills Supper Club in Southgate, Kentucky, is engulfed in fire; 165 are killed inside.
- May 29 – Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt becomes the first driver to win the race 4 times.
- 5 يونيو
- June 6 – 9 – Jubilee celebrations are held in the United Kingdom to celebrate 25 years of Elizabeth II's reign.
- June 7 – After campaigning by Anita Bryant and her anti-gay "Save Our Children" crusade, Miami-Dade County, Florida voters overwhelmingly vote to repeal the county's "gay rights" ordinance.
- June 10
- June 12 – The Supremes perform their final concert together at Drury Lane in London, England and then disband permanently.
- June 15 – Spain has its first democratic elections, after 41 years under the Franco regime.
- June 16 – The Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner, and Ed Oates.
- June 20
- June 21 – Bülent Ecevit, of CHP forms the new government of Turkey (40th government since the founding of the Turkish republic, but fails to receive the vote of confidence).
- June 25
- June 26
- Elvis Presley holds his last concert at Market Square Arena in Indianapolis.
- Some 200,000 protesters march through the streets of San Francisco, protesting Anita Bryant's anti-gay remarks and the murder of Robert Hillsborough.
- 16-year-old shop assistant Jayne Macdonald is murdered by the Yorkshire Ripper in Leeds, England.
- 27 يونيو - جيبوتي تحصل على استقلالها عن فرنسا.
- June 30
- 1 يوليو
- CKO (a now-defunct Canadian all news radio network since 1989) begins broadcasting.
- The EAC is dissolved.
- Wimbledon - Virginia Wade wins women's singles title in centenary year of the tournament - It was Wade's first and only Wimbledon title, third and final Grand Slam title overall. Wade remains the last British woman to win the singles title at Wimbledon.
- 5 يوليو - الجنرال محمد ضياء الحق يطيح بـذو الفقار علي بوتو، أول رئيس وزراء منتخب لـپاكستان.
- 13 يوليو
- July 15 – Anti-drug campaigner Donald Mackay disappears near Griffith, New South Wales (presumed murdered).
- July 19–20 – Flooding in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, caused by massive rainfall, kills over 75 people and causes billions in damage.
- 21-24 يوليو - الحرب الليبية المصرية، تشعلها غارة ليبية على السلوم، فتبدأ.
- July 21 – سليمان دميرل, of AP forms the new government of Turkey (41st government a three-party coalition, so-called second national front (بالتركية: Milliyetçi cephe)).
- July 22 – The purged Chinese Communist leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power 9 months after the "عصابة الأربعة" was expelled from power in a coup d'état.
- July 24 – Led Zeppelin presents its last American concert in Oakland, California, at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. A brawl erupts between Led Zeppelin's crew and the staff of the promoter Bill Graham, resulting in criminal assault charges for several members of the Led Zeppelin group including the drummer John Bonham.
- July 27 – The Soviet Politburo orders Boris Yeltsin to demolish the Ipatiev House, where Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family were shot in 1918. Yeltsin eventually calls this a barbarian act.
- July 28 – The first oil through the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System reaches Valdez, Alaska.
- July 30 – Left-wing German terrorists Susanne Albrecht, Brigitte Mohnhaupt and a third person assassinate Jürgen Ponto, chairman of the Dresdner Bank in Oberursel, West Germany.
- August 3
- August 4 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.
- August 7 – Mount Usu volcano in Japan erupts.
- August 9 – The military-controlled government of Uruguay announces that it will return the nation to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 for a President and Congress.
- August 10 – David Berkowitz is captured in Yonkers, New York, after over a year of murders in New York City as the Son of Sam.
- August 12 – The NASA Space Shuttle, named Enterprise, makes its first test free-flight from the back of a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.
- August 15
- August 16
- August 17 – The Soviet icebreaker Arktika becomes the first surface ship to reach the North Pole.
- August 19 – Groucho Marx, comedic legend, star of stage and screen, dies of pneumonia at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, at the age of 86 (born 1890).
- August 20 – Voyager program: The United States launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft.
- September – Evangelical pastor Oral Roberts publishes plans to build the 'City of God Hospital' in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The towers are completed in 1981 for $120M ($299M, in 2012)
- September 3 – The Commodore PET computer is first sold.
- September 4 – The Golden Dragon massacre takes place in سان فرانسسكو.
- September 5
- September 7 – Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The U.S. agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
- September 8 – Interpol issues a resolution against the piracy of video tapes and other material, which is still cited in warnings on opening pre-credits of videocassettes and DVDs.
- September 10 – Hamida Djandoubi's is the last guillotine execution in France.
- September 11 – Atari, Inc. releases its Video Computer System in North America.
- September 12 – South African activist Steve Biko dies after suffering a massive head injury in police custody in Pretoria.
- September 16 – Glam rock pioneer Marc Bolan dies in a car crash in Barnes, London.
- September 18 – Courageous (U.S.), skippered by Ted Turner, sweeps the Australian challenger Australia in the 24th America's Cup yacht race.
- September 19
- September 20 – The Petrozavodsk phenomenon is observed in the الاتحاد السوڤيتي and some northern European countries.
- September 21 – A nuclear non-proliferation pact is signed by 15 countries, including the United States and the Soviet Union.
- September 28 – The Porsche 928 debuts at the Geneva Motor Show.
- September 29 – The modern Food Stamp Program begins when the Food Stamp Act of 1977 is enacted.
- 1 أكتوبر
- October 13 – German Autumn: Four Palestinians hijack a Lufthansa Airlines flight to Somalia and demand the release of 11 Red Army Faction members (see Lufthansa Flight 181).
- October 14
- October 17 – 18 – German Autumn: GSG 9 troopers storm a hijacked Lufthansa passenger plane in Mogadishu, Somalia; 3 of the 4 hijackers die.
- October 18
- German Autumn: Red Army Faction members Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe and Gudrun Ensslin commit suicide in Stammheim prison; Irmgard Möller fails (their supporters still claim they were murdered). They are buried on October 27.
- Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, opens the third session of the 30th Canadian Parliament.
- Reggie Jackson blasts 3 home runs to lead the New York Yankees to a World Series victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers.
- October 19 – German Autumn: Kidnapped industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer is found murdered in Mulhouse, France.
- October 20 – Three members of the rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd die in a charter plane crash outside Gillsburg, Mississippi, 3 days after the release of their fifth studio album Street Survivors.
- October 21 – The European Patent Institute is founded.
- October 25 – Seychelles recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- October 26
- The last natural smallpox case is discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination and, by extension, of modern science.
- Space Shuttle program: Last test taxi flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise.
- October 27
- British punk band Sex Pistols release "Nevermind the Bollocks: Here's The Sex Pistols", which was instantly banned.
- October 28
- November 1 – 2060 Chiron, first of the outer Solar System asteroids known as Centaurs, is discovered by Charlie Kowal.
- November 2 – The worst storm in Athens' modern history causes havoc across the Greek capital and kills 38 people.
- November 6 – The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia fails, killing 39.
- November 8
- November 9 – Gen. Hugo Banzer, president of the military government of Bolivia, announces that the constitutional democracy will be restored in 1978 instead of 1980 as previously provided.
- November 10 – The Bee Gees release the soundtrack to Saturday Night Fever, which will go on to become the then best selling album of all time.
- November 19
- Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to make an official visit to Israel, when he meets with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
- TAP Portugal Flight 425 crashes at Madeira Airport, Funchal, Portugal, killing 131 and leaving 33 survivors.
- November 22
- November 27 – The Rankin/Bass made-for-TV animated film The Hobbit premieres on NBC in the United States.
- November 30 – The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is founded as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- December – the Colombo Plan for Co-operative Economic and Social Development in Asia and the Pacific (CESDAP) is implemented.
- December 1
- December 4
- December 11 – after losing 26 games, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the US National Football League record their very first win; against the New Orleans Saints.
- December 13 – a chartered Douglas DC-3 aircraft carrying the University of Evansville basketball team to Nashville, Tennessee, crashes in rain and dense fog about 90 seconds after takeoff from Evansville Regional Airport; 29 people die in the crash, including 14 members of the team and head coach Bob Watson.
- December 16 – Mikhail Baryshnikov's 1976 production of Tchaikovsky's beloved ballet The Nutcracker comes to CBS a year after premiering onstage at the Kennedy Center. This adaptation will become the most popular television production of the work.
- December 18 – SA de Transport Aérien Flight 730, an international charter service from Zurich to Funchal Airport (Madeira), hits the sea during a landing attempt. Many of the 36 who die drown, trapped inside the sinking aircraft. Twenty-one people survive with the help of rescuers and by swimming to the shore.
- December 20 – Djibouti and Vietnam join the United Nations.
- Portugal's traditional naming conventions change such that children's surnames can come from either the mother or the father, not just from the father.
- The Soviet National Anthem's lyrics are returned after a 24 year period, with Joseph Stalin's name omitted.
- Mormon sex in chains case with the alleged abduction in England of a young Mormon missionary.
- The WAVES are disbanded; women integrated into the regular Navy.
- May 5
- 15 مايو -
- May 16 – Modibo Keïta, former President of Mali (b. 1915)
- May 17 – Robert Maynard Hutchins,educational philosopher, dean of Yale Law School (b. 1899)
- August 1 – Francis Gary Powers, American pilot, shot down in 1960 U-2 incident (b. 1929)
- 3 أغسطس - مكاريوس الثالث، Cypriot Archbishop and first President of Cyprus (b. 1913)
- August 4
- August 5 – Waldo L. Schmitt, American biologist born in Washington, D.C. (b. 1887)
- August 14
- August 16 – Elvis Presley, American singer and actor (b. 1935)
- ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2011/jan/07/sex-pistols-emi-end-contract-1977
- ^ Im135.imageavenue.com
- ^ Lara Pawson (2014). In the Name of the People: Angola's Forgotten Massacre. ISBN 978-1780769059.
- ^ Baader-Meinhof.com
- ^ Dresdner-Bank.com
- ^ Elvis Presley (1935–1977): Funeral in Memphis.
- ^ UPI. 'Four years of built $120 Million hospital of faith'. New York Times Oct 20, 1981, retrieved October 23, 2013
- ^ "TCP/IP", LivingInternet, 2008, webpage: LivingI-tcpip.