نخجوان

(تم التحويل من نخچوان)
جمهورية نخجوان المستقلة ذاتياً
Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası
علم نخجوان
العلم
Location of Nakhchivanin the South Caucasus region
Location of Nakhchivan
in the South Caucasus region
خريطة مفصلة لنخجوان
خريطة مفصلة لنخجوان
العاصمة
and largest city
مدينة نخجوان
اللغات الرسمية الأذربيجانية
الحكم
• رئيس البرلمان
واصف طالبوڤ
جمهورية مستقلة ذاتياً

9 فبراير, 1924
• نخجوان
جمهورية مستقلة ذاتياً

November 17, 1990
Area
• Total
[convert: invalid number]
• Water (%)
لا يذكر
Population
• 2007 estimate
382,0592
• Density
67.8/km2 (175.6/sq mi)
Currency منات أذربيجاني (AZN)
Time zone EET (UTC+4)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+5)

الاستخدام

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نخجوان أو "ناخيتشفان" هو إقليم بأذربيجان منفصل جغرافياً عن باقي أذربيجان. ويتطلب الوصول إليه المرور إما عبر أذربيجان الغربية التي هي مقاطعة إيرانية أو عبر أرمينيا. ويتيح إقليم ناخيتشيفان لأذربيجان الاتصال الجغرافي مع تركيا من خلال نافذة عرضها 8 كيلومترات فقط.

The Nakhchivan region (highlighted in light purple) at the time of the Kingdom of Vaspurakan (908-1021).
A miniature depicting Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent marching into Nakhchivan during the continuous border wars between the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia in the 14th to 18th centuries.
With Nakhchivan's conquest by Imperial Russia, came Russian culture. Shown here is photograph of a statue of Catherine the Great in Nakhchivan City taken in 1902.
Map of the Nakhchivan ASSR within the Soviet Union.

الأقسام الإدارية

Subdivisions of Nakhchivan.

Nakhchivan is subdivided into eight administrative divisions. Seven of these are rayons. Its capital, the city (şəhər) of Nakhchivan City is treated separately.

Map ref. القسم الإداري العاصمة Type المساحة (كم²) التعداد (2005 تقدير) ملاحظات
1 Babek (Babək) Babek Rayon 1,170 66,000 Formerly known as Nakhchivan;[بحاجة لمصدر] renamed after Babak Khorramdin in 1991.
2 Julfa (Culfa) Julfa Rayon 1,000 38,300 Also spelled Jugha or Dzhulfa.
3 Kangarli (Kəngərli) Givraq Rayon 682 25,500 Split from Babek in March 2004.
4 Nakhchivan City (Naxçıvan Şəhər) Municipality 130 70,000 Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) in 1991.
5 Ordubad Ordubad Rayon 970 42,700 Split from Julfa during Sovietization. [1]
6 Sadarak (Sədərək) Heydarabad Rayon 150 12,900 Split from Sharur in 1990; includes the Karki exclave in Armenia.
7 Shakhbuz (Şahbuz) Shahbuz Rayon 920 21,500 Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) during Sovietization. [1]
8 Sharur (Şərur) Sharur Rayon 478 96,000 Formerly known as Bash-Norashen during its incorporation into the Soviet Union and Ilyich (after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin) from the post-Sovietization period to 1990. [1]
Total 5,500 372,900

جغرافيا

المقالة الرئيسية: جغرافية أذربيجان

قضايا دولية

Examples of Armenian khachkars from Julfa.

وضع الآثار الأرمنية

Armenia has accused the government of Azerbaijan of destroying historic Armenian headstones (khachkars) at a medieval cemetery in Julfa, presenting photos and video in support of these charges.[2][3][4] Azerbaijan denies these accusations. According to Azerbaijani ambassador to the US Khafiz Pashayev, the videos and photographs that have surfaced show some unknown people destroying some mid-size stones and is not clear of what ethnicity those people are. Instead, the ambassador asserts that the Armenian side started a propaganda campaign against Azerbaijan to divert attention from the destruction of Azerbaijani monuments in Armenia.[5] The Institute for War and Peace Reporting, meanwhile, reported on April 19, 2006 that "there is nothing left of the celebrated stone crosses of Jugha."[6]

الاعتراف بجمهورية شمال قبرص التركية

Nakhchivan's parliament issued a non-binding declaration in the late 1990s recognizing the sovereignty of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) and calling upon Azerbaijan to do so. While sympathetic to the TRNC, Azerbaijan has not followed suit because doing so would prompt Greek Cypriot recognition of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.[7][8]

مطامع اقليمية من الاتحاد الثوري الأرمني

The Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) claims that Nakhchivan belongs to Armenia. The programme of the party states: The borders of United Armenia shall include all territories designated as Armenia by the Treaty of Sèvres as well as the regions of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), Javakhk, and Nakhchivan.[9] However, it should be noted that Nakhchivan is not claimed by the government of Armenia. Armenian Foreign Minister Vardan Oskanyan reaffirmed this on December 13, 2006 by openly stating that Armenia, as a legal successor to the Armenian SSR, is loyal to the Treaty of Kars and all agreements inherited by the former Soviet Armenian government.[10]

الثقافة

Nakhchivan has also at times been mentioned in works of literature. Nezami, considered a master of Persian literature once wrote:

که تا جایگه یافتی نخچوان
Oh Nakhchivan, respect you've attained,
بدین شاه شد بخت پیرت جوان
With this King in luck you'll remain.

أشهر أبناء الإقليم

رئيس أذربيجان السابق حيدر علييڤ، ولد في نخچوان.


صور من نخجوان

هامش

  1. ^ أ ب ت خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Hewsen
  2. ^ "World Watches In Silence As Azerbaijan Wipes Out Armenian Culture". The Art Newspaper. 2006-05-25. Retrieved 2006-05-25. 
  3. ^ "Tragedy on the Araxes". Archaeology. 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2006-06-30. 
  4. ^ Armenica.org: Destruction of Armenian Khatchkars in Old Jougha (Nakhchivan)
  5. ^ "Will the arrested minister become new leader of opposition? Azerbaijani press digest". REGNUM News Agency. 2006-01-20. Retrieved 2006-01-20. 
  6. ^ "Azerbaijan: Famous Medieval Cemetery Vanishes". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. 2006-04-19. Retrieved 2006-04-19. 
  7. ^ iExplore.com - Cyprus Overview
  8. ^ "Europe, the US, Turkey and Azerbaijan recognize the "unrecognized" Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus". REGNUM News Agency. 2006-09-22. Retrieved 2006-09-22. 
  9. ^ Programme of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation
  10. ^ "In Vartan Oskanian's Words, Turkey Casts Doubt On The Treaty Of Kars With Its Actions". All Armenian Mass Media Association. 2006-12-13. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 

وصلات خارجية