جيمس جيسس أنگلتون

جيمس جيسس أنگلتون
James Jesus Angleton
James Jesus Angleton.jpg
جيمس جيسس أنگلتون
الولاء  الولايات المتحدة
الخدمة وكالة المخابرات المركزية
الجيش الأمريكي
نشط 1947–1975
الرتبة Counterintelligence (CI) Chief (1954–1975)
العمليات Enigma Code
Manhattan Project
Operation CHAOS
الأوسمة Distinguished Intelligence Medal
ولد (1917-12-09)ديسمبر 9, 1917
بويزي، أيداهو، الولايات المتحدة
توفي مايو 11, 1987(1987-05-11) (عن عمر 69 عاماً)
Sibley Memorial Hospital, Washington, D.C.، الولايات المتحدة
المدفن Morris Hill Cemetery
43°36′27″N 116°13′45.83″W / 43.60750°N 116.2293972°W / 43.60750; -116.2293972 (Morris Hill Cemetery)
الجنسية American
الأبوان
  • James Hugh Angleton
  • Carmen Mercedes Moreno
الزوج Cicely Harriet d'Autremont
الأنجال 3
الجامعة الأم

جيمس جيسس أنگلتون James Jesus Angleton ‏(9 ديسمبر 191711 مايو 1987) was chief of CIA Counterintelligence from 1954 to 1975. His official position within the organization was "Associate Deputy Director of Operations for Counterintelligence (ADDOCI)".

Angleton was significantly involved in the U.S. response to the purported KGB defectors Anatoliy Golitsyn and Yuri Nosenko. Angleton later became convinced the CIA harbored a high-ranking mole, and engaged in an intense search. Whether this was a highly destructive witch hunt or appropriate caution vindicated by later moles remains a subject of intense historical debate.

According to one-time Director of Central Intelligence Richard Helms: "In his day, Jim was recognized as the dominant counterintelligence figure in the non-communist world."[1] Investigative journalist Edward Jay Epstein agrees with the high regard in which Angleton was held by his colleagues in the intelligence business, and adds that Angleton earned the "trust ... of six CIA directors—including Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, Allen W. Dulles and Richard Helms. They kept Angleton in key positions and valued his work."[2]

في الثقافة الشعبية

  • The 2006 film The Good Shepherd is loosely based on Angleton's life and his role in the formation of the CIA.[3]
  • The Laundry Series by Charles Stross features a senior Laundry agent whose nom de guerre is James Angleton after the CIA chief.[4]
  • The 2007 television mini-series The Company focus on Angleton's efforts to find a Soviet mole. Angleton was portrayed by Michael Keaton.
  • Angleton was portrayed by English actor John Light in the 2003 BBC TV mini-series Cambridge Spies.
  • The song "Angleton" by Russian indie rock band Biting Elbows is about Angleton's life and career.[5]
  • In the television series Granite Flats the actor Cary Elwes plays Hugh Ashmead, the name "Ashmead" being the cover name for James J. Angleton.
  • William F. Buckley's 2000 novel Spytime: The Undoing of James Jesus Angleton is a fictionalized treatment of Angleton's career, a storyline being placed upon, between and within actual historic facts and events.[6]

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ Richard Helms, A Look over My Shoulder: A Life in the Central Intelligence Agency (New York: Random House, 2003), 275.
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  5. ^ http://www.releaselyrics.com/355a/biting-elbows-angleton/
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المراجع

  • Buckley, William F., Jr. Spytime: the Undoing of James Jesus Angleton: A Novel. New York: Harcourt, 2000. ISBN 0-15-100513-3.
  • Engelberg, Stephen."James Angleton, Counterintelligence Figure, Dies". The New York Times, May 12, 1987, Late City Final Edition, Section D, Page 31, Column 1.
  • Epstein, Edward Jay. Deception: The Invisible War between the CIA and the KGB. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989. ISBN 0-671-41543-3.
  • Hersh, Seymour. "Huge C.I.A. Operation Reported in US against Antiwar Forces, Other Dissidents During Nixon Years". The New York Times, December 22, 1974, p. 1.
  • Hersh, Seymour. "President Tells Colby to Speed Report on CIA". The New York Times, December 24, 1974, p. 43.
  • Hersh, Seymour. "3 More Aides Quit in CIA Shake-Up". The New York Times, December 30, 1974, p. 51.
  • Hersh, Seymour. "The Angleton Story". The New York Times Magazine, June 25, 1978, p. SM4.
  • Latham, Aaron. Orchids for Mother: A Novel. New York: Bantam Books, 1985. ISBN 0-553-25407-3. Fictional account of Angleton.
  • Littell, Robert. The Company: A Novel of the CIA. New York: Penguin Books, 2003. ISBN 0-14-200262-3. Fictional history of the CIA during the Cold War in which Angleton is a major supporting character.
  • Mangold, Tom. Cold Warrior: James Jesus Angleton: The CIA's Master Spy Hunter. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991. ISBN 0-671-66273-2.
  • Martin, David C. Wilderness of Mirrors: Intrigue, Deception, and the Secrets that Destroyed Two of the Cold War's Most Important Agents. New York: Harper & Row, 1980; Boston: The Lyons Press, 2003 (reprinted). ISBN 0-06-013037-7; ISBN 1-58574-824-2.
  • Petit, Chris. The Passenger. London: Simon & Schuster, 2006. ISBN 0-7432-0946-X. A thriller/spy-novel which involves Angleton as a central character.
  • Wise, David. Molehunt: The Secret Search for Traitors that Shattered the CIA. New York: Random House, 1992. ISBN 0-394-58514-3.

وصلات خارجية

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