مقاطعات كوبا

مقاطعات كوبا
Provincias de Cuba (بالإسپانية)
التصنيف Unitary state
الموقع جمهورية كوبا
Number 15 مقاطعة
Populations 84,263 (Isla de la Juventud) – 2,154,454 (لا هابانا)
Areas 281.18 square miles (728.3 km2) (Isla de la Juventud) – 5,951.31 square miles (15,413.8 km2) (مقاطعة كاماگوي)
الحكومة Single Party Government
Subdivisions بلدية

إدارياً، تنقسم كوبا إلى 15 مقاطعة وبلدية خاصة لا تندرج ضمن أي مقاطعة. The last modification was approved in August 2010 (by the Cuban National Assembly), splitting Havana province into two new provinces: Artemisa (which incorporates the three eastern municipalities of the neighbour Pinar del Río) and Mayabeque. The new provinces started functioning from January 1, 2011. مقاطعة مدينة هاڤانا (سيوداد دلا هابانا) استعادت اسمها الأصلي: لا هابانا (هاڤانا بالإنگليزية).

قائمة المقاطعات

From west to east, Cuba's provinces are:

  1. Pinar del Río
  2. Artemisa
  3. هاڤانا
  4. Mayabeque
  5. Matanzas
  6. Cienfuegos
  7. Villa Clara
  8. Sancti Spíritus
  9. Ciego de Ávila
  10. Camagüey
  11. Las Tunas
  12. Granma
  13. Holguín
  14. Santiago de Cuba
  15. Guantánamo
  16. Isla de la Juventud is a "special municipality". Isla de la Juventud ("Island of Youth") was known until the 1970s as the Isla de Pinos ("Isle of Pines").

التاريخ

ملف:CubaSubdivisions1.png

The provinces were created in 1879 by the Spanish colonial government. From 1879 to 1976, Cuba was divided into 6 provinces, which maintained with little changes the same boundaries and capital cities, although with modifications in official names. These "historical" provinces are the following (from west to east):

  1. Pinar del Río
  2. La Habana, included the city of Havana, current Mayabeque, some municipalities of current Artemisa Province (prior to 1970: 5 municipalities; from 1970 to 2011, 8 municipalities, including Artemisa city itself) and the Isle of Pines (current "Isla de la Juventud").
  3. Matanzas
  4. Las Villas (before 1940 named "Santa Clara"), contained the present-day provinces of Cienfuegos, Villa Clara and Sancti Spíritus
  5. Camagüey (before 1899 named "Puerto Príncipe"), contained the present-day provinces of Camagüey and Ciego de Ávila, as well as two municipalities of current Las Tunas Province (prior to 1970).
  6. Oriente (before 1905 named "Santiago de Cuba"), contained the present-day provinces of Las Tunas, Granma, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo

الديمغرافيا

Pop. = Population. Source: Cuba census 2002 [1]

المقاطعة العاصمة التعداد (2012) التعداد (%) المساحة (كم²) المساحة (%) الكثافة
كاماگوي كاماگوي &&&&&&&&&0768311.&&&&&0768,311 7.02 &&&&&&&&&&015386.16000015,386.16 13.2 50.22
Ciego de Ávila Ciego de Ávila &&&&&&&&&0424750.&&&&&0424,750 3.68 &&&&&&&&&&&06971.6400006,971.64 5.6 60.70
Cienfuegos Cienfuegos &&&&&&&&&0400768.&&&&&0400,768 3.54 &&&&&&&&&&&04188.6100004,188.61 3.9 94.54
لا هابانا     هاڤانا &&&&&&&&02154454.&&&&&02,154,454 19.70 728.26 0.7 &&&&&&&&&&&03053.4900003,053.49
گرانما بايامو &&&&&&&&&0830645.&&&&&0830,645 7.36 &&&&&&&&&&&08374.2400008,374.24 7.9 98.20
گوانتانامو گوانتانامو &&&&&&&&&0506369.&&&&&0506,369 4.54 &&&&&&&&&&&06167.9700006,167.97 6.0 82.22
Holguín Holguín &&&&&&&&01027683.&&&&&01,027,683 9.14 &&&&&&&&&&&09215.7200009,215.72 8.5 109.90
Isla de la Juventud Nueva Gerona &&&&&&&&&&084263.&&&&&084,263 0.77 &&&&&&&&&&&02419.2700002,419.27 2.1 35.78
Artemisa Artemisa &&&&&&&&&0487339.&&&&&0487,339 4.49 &&&&&&&&&&&04003.2400004,003.24 3.75 125.5
Las Tunas Las Tunas     &&&&&&&&&0525729.&&&&&0525,729 4.70 &&&&&&&&&&&06592.6600006,592.66 6.0 79.77
Matanzas Matanzas &&&&&&&&&0679314.&&&&&0679,314 6.00 &&&&&&&&&&011791.82000011,791.82 10.0 56.80
Mayabeque San José de las Lajas &&&&&&&&&0371198.&&&&&0371,198 3.41 &&&&&&&&&&&03743.8100003,743.81 3.49 102.2
Pinar del Río Pinar del Río &&&&&&&&&0585452.&&&&&0585,452 5.32 &&&&&&&&&&&08883.7400008,883.74 8.32 67.00
Sancti Spíritus Sancti Spíritus &&&&&&&&&0462114.&&&&&0462,114 4.12 &&&&&&&&&&&06777.2800006,777.28 6.3 68.33
Santiago de Cuba Santiago de Cuba &&&&&&&&01053837.&&&&&01,053,837 9.27 &&&&&&&&&&&06227.7800006,227.78 5.9 168.32
ڤيا كلارا سانتا كلارا &&&&&&&&&0783708.&&&&&0783,708 7.31 &&&&&&&&&&&08441.8100008,441.81 7.6 97.17
كوبا هاڤانا &&&&&&&011163934.&&&&&011,163,934 &&&&&&&&&0109884.&10000109,884.01 101.72

Presidents of the People's Power Provincial Assemblies

Presidents of the Provincial Assemblies of People's Power in each province in the country (local governments).[2]

Province President of the Provincial Assembly
Camagüey Jesús Arturo García Collazo
Ciego de Ávila Agustín Gregorio Arza Pascual
Cienfuegos Rolando Díaz González
La Habana     Marta Hernández Romero
Granma Jesús Antonio Infante López
Guantánamo Luis Fernando Navarro Fernández
Holguín Alberto Olivera Fis
Isla de la Juventud Roberto Unger Pérez
Mayabeque Armando Cuellar Domínguez
Artemisa Raúl Rodríguez Cartaya
Las Tunas Víctor Luis Rodríguez Carballosa
Matanzas Nilo Tomás Díaz Fundora
Pinar del Río Vidal Pérez Baños
Sancti Spíritus Fidel Pérez Luzbert
Santiago de Cuba Rolando Yero García
Villa Clara Alexander Rodriguez Rosada

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